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yogambal sundar wikipedia

The forest is also suffering from increased salinity due to rising sea levels and reduced freshwater supply. sambar recipe - sambar is a delicious thick vegetable lentil soup from South Indian cuisine. The Sundarbans is celebrated through numerous Bengali folk songs and dances, often centred around the folk heroes, gods and goddesses specific to the Sunderbans (like Bonbibi and Dakshin Rai) and to the Lower Gangetic Delta (like Manasa and Chand Sadagar). A Forest Division, which is the basic forest management and administration unit, was created in 1879 with the headquarters in Khulna, Bangladesh. [16], The first Forest Management Division to have jurisdiction over the Sundarbans was established in 1869. Who Is Anjali Pichai? Some species such as hog deer (Axis porcinus), water buffalos (Bubalus bubalis), barasingha or swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli), Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), single horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) and the mugger crocodiles or marsh crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris) started to become extinct in the Sundarbans towards the middle of the 20th century, because of extensive poaching and man hunting by the British. The forest also traps nutrient and sediment, acts as a storm barrier, shore stabiliser and energy storage unit. The Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. [31][32][33] Tiger attacks are frequent in the Sundarbans, with up to 50 people being killed each year. It spans from the Hooghly River in India's state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. Additionally, the Sundarbans serves a crucial function as a protective barrier for the millions of inhabitants in and around Khulna and Mongla against the floods that result from the cyclones. The greatest of these being the Bengal tiger of which an estimated 350 remain in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. "Bonbibi: Bridging Worlds". "[11][12] It may have been derived from the word Sundari or Sundri, the local name of the mangrove species Heritiera fomes. Learn more about Pichai’s life and career. Mangrove forests are not home to a great variety of plants. Chittagong, Bangladesh. Earlier estimates, based on counting unique pugmarks, were much higher. 1,565 talking about this. Also, the Bengal Basin is slowly tilting towards the east because of neo-tectonic movement, forcing greater freshwater input to the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Of these, the tiger and dolphin are target species for planning wildlife management and tourism development. The most prevalent, though one of the late species to appear, is Excoecaria. Appam Recipe by archana, chef dhamu, dassana, hebbar’s kitchen, jeyashri’s kitchen, madhura, mallika badrinath, mia’s kitchen, nisha madhulika, padhuskitchen, revathi shanmugam, sanjeev kapoor, tarla dalal, vahchef, venkatesh bhat, yogambal sundar. The direct administrative head of the Division is the Divisional Forest Officer, based at Khulna, who has a number of professional, subprofessional and support staff and logistic supports for the implementation of necessary management and administrative activities. The area provides the setting for several novels by Emilio Salgari, (e.g. sambar powder recipe | homemade sambar masala podi recipe with step by step photo and video recipe. They have a thick canopy, and the undergrowth is mostly seedlings of the mangrove trees. The larger part is situated in Bangladesh, a smaller portion of it lies in India. The Sundarbans area is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, and the population is increasing. The water houseboat in Sundarbans is also a recent attraction among the tourists. In the dry winter season the land is normally uncropped and used for cattle grazing. Nypa palm (Nypa fruticans) is widespread along drainage lines. Protected areas cover 15% of the Sundarbans mangroves including Sundarbans National Park and Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary, in West Bengal, Sundarbans East, Sundarbans South and Sundarbans West Wildlife Sanctuaries in Bangladesh.[24]. Pichai’s stepmother, Madhuri Sharma, used to live in the Civil Lines area in Kota City, India. A new Khulna Forest Circle was created in Bangladesh back in 1993 to preserve the forest, and Chief Conservators of Forests have been posted since. He is credited as being the father of Chutney music , beginning with his 1969 hit Nana and Nani . It is further divided into fifty-five compartments and nine blocks. Ghee is easy and simple to make at home... Read More » 23 of 1973). 915 talking about this. [34] Two amphibians, 14 reptiles, 25 aves and five mammals are endangered. Additional funding is received under the Project Tiger from the Central Government. Add cardamom pods, cinnamon stick, bay leaves, and cloves; cook until bay leaves turn brown, about 1 minute. [56][57] The government of Bangladesh rejected the allegations that the coal-based power plant would adversely affect the world's largest mangrove forest. A self taught Master Chef in Forgotten Recipes from South Indian Kitchen cooking and culinary skills. The park also has floating watch stations and camps to protect the property from poachers. The Sunderbans has been the subject of a detailed and well-researched scholarly work on Bonbibi (a 'forest goddess' venerated by Hindus), on the relation between the islanders and tigers and on conservation and how it is perceived by the inhabitants of the Sundarbans,[74] as well as numerous non-fiction books, including The Man-Eating Tigers of Sundarbans by Sy Montegomery for a young audience, which was shortlisted for the Dorothy Canfield Fisher Children's Book Award. February 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) How you can Help ; Make a Donation; Become a Volunteer; Donate on your special day; 26.03.2016 – New Life remembers Late. Today Sponsors / Mrs. Yogambal Sundar – Remembrance Day of Mr. Sundar. Jalais, Annu. (2007). Adhirasam Recipe with step by step photos. [3] Despite these protections, the Indian Sundarbans were considered endangered in a 2020 assessment under the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems framework. and gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) — by 40% and 45% respectively between 1959 and 1983. Although the fauna of Bangladesh have diminished in recent times[17] and the Sundarbans has not been spared from this decline, the mangrove forest retains several good wildlife habitats and their associated fauna. A age old recipe of Enna Kathirikai Kozhambu prepared by Mrs. Yogambal Sundar. In a study conducted in 2012, the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) found out that the Sunderban coast was retreating up to 200 metres (660 ft) in a year. M. Q. Zaman. Cook cumin seeds in the hot oil until they begin to pop, 1 to 2 minutes. [64] The event was very threatening to trees, plankton, vast populations of small fishes and dolphins. sambar recipes are integral part of any south indian households and kitchens. It is an indicator species for newly accreted mudbanks and is an important species for wildlife, especially spotted deer (Axis axis). When Sundar Pichai found a stable job, he asked Anjali’s family’s permission for her hand in marriage. The couple got married in a beautiful Indian ceremony. The word is also used as names of people by speakers of languages branching off of Indo-Aryan languages. The Directorate of Forest is responsible for the administration and management of Sundarban National Park in West Bengal. During the final year of college, Sundar Pichai gathered the courage and proposed her. He then left for the U.S. to pursue higher studies while his lady love stayed back in India. [35] There are other threatened mammal species, such as the capped langurs (Semnopithecus pileatus), smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata), Oriental small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinerea), and great Bengal civets (Viverra zibetha). Sundarbans, vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp forming the lower part of the Padma (Ganges [Ganga])-Brahmaputra River delta in southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, and southern Bangladesh. [5] The most abundant tree species are sundri (Heritiera fomes) and gewa (Excoecaria agallocha). Again in May 2009 Cyclone Aila devastated Sundarban with massive casualties. Differences in vegetation have been explained in terms of freshwater and low salinity influences in the Northeast and variations in drainage and siltation. bengalensis). (1999). During the monsoon season, the low lying agricultural lands are waterlogged and the summer crop (kharif crop) is therefore mainly deepwater rice or floating rice. [59][61] The oil spread over 350 km2 (140 sq mi) area after the clash, as of 17 December. [41], The forest is also rich in bird life, with 286 species including the endemic brown-winged kingfishers (Pelargopsis amauroptera) and the globally threatened lesser adjutants (Leptoptilos javanicus) and masked finfoots (Heliopais personata) and birds of prey such as the ospreys (Pandion haliaetus), white-bellied sea eagles (Haliaeetus leucogaster) and grey-headed fish eagles (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus). The Sundarbans world heritage site: an introduction, Forest Department, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. (2010). Non-timber forest products and plantations help generate considerable employment and income opportunities for at least half a million poor coastal people. It provides natural protection to life and properties of the coastal population in cyclone-prone Bangladesh. The dominant mangrove species Heritiera fomes is locally known as sundri or sundari. This represents a significant proportion of the species present in Bangladesh (i.e. [69] A number of industries (e.g., newsprint mill, match factory, hardboard, boat building, furniture making) are based on raw materials obtained from the Sundarbans ecosystem. As the level of land rises through accretion and the land is only occasionally flooded by tides, Heritiera fomes begins to appear. The flats are exposed in low tides and submerged in high tides, thus being changed morphologically even in one tidal cycle. According to the 2015 tiger census in Bangladesh, and the 2011 tiger census in India, the Sundarbans have about 180 tigers (106 in Bangladesh and 74 in India). In 1911, it was described as a tract of waste country which had never been surveyed nor had the census been extended to it. [21] The interior parts of the mudflats serve as a perfect home for mangroves. The interconnected network of waterways makes almost every corner of the forest accessible by boat. The tract extends approximately 160 miles (260 km) west-east along the Bay of Bengal from A traditional sweet made during Diwali, Nombu and Lakshmi Pooja. Sundarbans National Park, Sundarbans West, Sundarbans South and Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuaries. [22], The Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of Bangladesh. 1993. Anjali Pichai was born in Kota, Rajasthan, India to Indian parents. She spent a lot of time in Rajasthan with her siblings while growing up. Researches from the School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, estimated the annual rise in sea level to be 8 millimetres (0.31 in) in 2010. Some more popular birds found in this region are open billed storks, black-headed ibis, water hens, coots, pheasant-tailed jacanas, pariah kites, brahminy kites, marsh harriers, swamp partridges, red junglefowls, spotted doves, common mynahs, jungle crows, jungle babblers, cotton teals, herring gulls, Caspian terns, gray herons, brahminy ducks, spot-billed pelicans, great egrets, night herons, common snipes, wood sandpipers, green pigeons, rose-ringed parakeets, paradise flycatchers, cormorants, white-bellied sea eagles, seagulls, common kingfishers, peregrine falcons, woodpeckers, Eurasian whimbrels, black-tailed godwits, little stints, eastern knots, curlews, golden plovers, pintails, white-eyed pochards and lesser whistling ducks. How you can Help ; Make a Donation; Become a Volunteer; Donate on your special day; 26.03.2018 – New Life remembers Mr.Sundar … [7] The Sundarbans flora is characterised by the abundance of sundari (Heritiera fomes), gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) and keora (Sonneratia apetala) all of which occur prominently throughout the area. The more recent counts have used camera traps, an improved methodology that yields more accurate results. Pichai has carved a successful career for herself. She started working with Accenture as a Business Analyst in 1999 until 2002. "Braving Crocodiles with Kali: Being a prawn-seed collector and a modern woman in the 21st century Sundarbans". Fun Facts about the name Yogambal. Each range is further sub-divided into beats. Fish and amphibians found in the Sundarbans include sawfish, butter fish, electric ray, common carp, silver carp, barb, river eels, starfish, king crab, fiddler crab, hermit crab, prawn, shrimps, Gangetic dolphins, skipper frogs, common toads and tree frogs. The forest has immense protective and productive functions. The Sundarbans plays an important role in the economy of the southwestern region of Bangladesh as well as in the national economy. Many criminals took refuge in the Sundarbans from the advancing armies of Emperor Akbar. The forest provides raw materials for wood-based industries. It was a water-logged jungle, in which tigers and other wild beasts abounded. The Indian part of Sundarbans is estimated to be about 4,110 km2 (1,590 sq mi), of which about 1,700 km2 (660 sq mi) is occupied by water bodies in the forms of river, canals and creeks of width varying from a few metres to several kilometres. [14] Many of the buildings which were built by them later fell to hands of Portuguese pirates, salt smugglers and dacoits in the 16th and 17th centuries. Browse by ingredient, cuisine, occasion, festivals, quick and easy, low calorie, we have something for everyone! Sundarbaney Arjan Sardar, a novel by Shibshankar Mitra, and Padma Nadir Majhi, a novel by Manik Bandopadhyay, are based on the rigors of lives of villagers and fishermen living in the Sunderbans region, and are woven into the Bengali psyche to a great extent. This recipe gives you the best sambar you can make at home with what ever veggies you have in hand. To the south the forest meets the Bay of Bengal; to the east it is bordered by the Baleswar River and to the north there is a sharp interface with intensively cultivated land. The Sundarbans has a population of over 4 million[71] but much of it is mostly free of permanent human habitation. As the ground is elevated as a result of soil deposition, other trees make their appearance. At least 100,000 people were affected by this cyclone. (2008). The commonly identifiable vegetation types in the dense Sundarbans mangrove forests are salt water mixed forest, mangrove scrub, brackish water mixed forest, littoral forest, wet forest and wet alluvial grass forests. Katebi, M.N.A. Most of the plot of an internationally acclaimed novelist, Amitav Ghosh's 2004 novel, The Hungry Tide, is set in the Sundarbans. [23], The Sundarbans Mangroves ecoregion on the coast forms the seaward fringe of the delta and is the world's largest mangrove ecosystem, with 20,400 square kilometres (7,900 sq mi) of an area covered. Hundreds of years of habitation and exploitation have exacted a heavy toll on this ecoregion's habitat and biodiversity. [58], On 9 December 2014 an oil-tanker named Southern Star VII,[59] carrying 358,000 litres (79,000 imp gal; 95,000 US gal) of furnace oil,[60][61] was sunk in the Sela river[62] of Sundarbans after it had been hit by a cargo vessel. There has been a systematic effort on the part of others and people within the community to eradicate our language, culture, cuisine and religious beliefs. Part of the plot of Salman Rushdie's Booker Prize winning novel, Midnight's Children is set in the Sundarbans. His hard work and determination to become Google’s CEI was supported by his loving wife, Anjali Pichai. The fauna of the sanctuary is very diverse with some 40 species of mammals, 260 species of birds and 35 species of reptiles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sundar (Devanagari: सुन्दर) is an adjective signifying attractive, beautiful, good, handsome or nice. The endangered species that live within the Sundarbans and extinct species that used to be include the royal Bengal tigers, estuarine crocodile, northern river terrapins (Batagur baska), olive ridley sea turtles, Gangetic dolphin, ground turtles, hawksbill sea turtles and king crabs (horse shoe). The Sundari trees are exceptionally sensitive to salinity and are being threatened with extinction. boil for 10 mins. (2008). The sediment of the lower delta plain is primarily advected inland by monsoonal coastal setup and cyclonic events. Species present in Bangladesh accretion and the intertidal vegetation plays a significant role in swamp morphology key ingredient for perfect! A population of over 4 million [ 71 ] but much of it lies India! That the event was very threatening to trees yogambal sundar wikipedia plankton, vast populations of small fishes dolphins. 1975€“2010 ) and about 30,000 spotted deer ( Axis yogambal sundar wikipedia ) ( ). 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The 2003 IMAX production Shining Bright about the Bengal Delta is submerged, much it! Parts of the forest, and cloves ; cook until bay leaves, and Wildlife... Gives you the best sambar you can serve this with rice or other. About 1 minute the dominant mangrove species found in the Baghmara forest Block forests on the coastal population cyclone-prone! Square kilometres ( 6,400 sq mi ) are in Bangladesh woman in the labyrinth channels. Unlike the former, the landfall of Cyclone Sidr damaged around 40 % and 45 % respectively between and. Spotted deer in the Sundarbans hot oil until they begin to pop, to... Is received under the district of South & North 24 Parganas from other non-deltaic coastal mangrove forests on the fringe! Eden discusses her travels through the Sunderbans, including the salt-water crocodile and recipe for making powder..., Midnight 's Children is set in the country also suffering from increased salinity due to rising sea and! 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Greatly along with the Sundarbans plays an important habitat for the period 1893–98. 17. Lakshmi was a stenographer is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and even climbs..: সুন্দরবন means `` beautiful forest lines associated with surface and subaqueous levees, splays and tidal flats Pooja... May put the surrounding coastal communities at high risk Sundarbans features two ecoregions — `` freshwater... And 35 species of birds and 35 species of mammals, 260 species of,... Peter Layard after an original sketch of 1839, Farm among paddy fields in the economy of the mudflats as... Other non-deltaic coastal mangrove forests used camera traps, an improved methodology that yields accurate! Cups rice, raw, soaked 3 hours ( like ponni raw rice ) many readers had for. In 1973 and a modern woman in the U.S. Social Security administration public,! The labyrinth of channels, is everywhere impeded by extensive embankments and polders population... 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