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physical vulnerability in disaster examples

By characterizing these trends, we … Hazard Maps. 3. This definition identifies vulnerability as a characteristic of the element of interest (community, system or asset) which is independent of its exposure. The characteristics determined by physical, social, economic and environmental factors or processes which increase the susceptibility of an individual, a community, assets or systems to the impacts of hazards. Leonardo DiCaprio won an Oscar for his portrayal of fur trapper Hugh Glas… In the context of extensive risk in particular, it is often people’s vulnerability that is the greatest factor in determining their risk (UNISDR, 2009a). However, it is now understood that exposure is separate to the ‘susceptibility’ element of vulnerability since it is possible to be exposed, whilst at the same time not susceptible to natural hazards. Ultimately, vulnerability is typically not inherent to certain people, populations, or subgroups. Vulnerability can be found in almost all the sections of a business and they apply differently. In the fields of earthquake engineering and seismic risk reduction the term “physical vulnerability” defines the component that translates the relationship between seismic shaking intensity, dynamic structural uake damage and loss assessment discipline in the early 1980s, which aimed at predicting the consequences of earthquake shaking for an individual building or a portfolio of buildings. 4. Ideally, any assessment should adopt a holistic approach to assessing vulnerability. These processes produce a range of immediate unsafe conditions such as living in dangerous locations or in poor housing, ill-health, political tensions or a lack of local institutions or preparedness measures (DFID, 2004). These pressures can be released by taking measures to reduce vulnerability at various points along the causal chain (Twigg, 2004). strong political ownership and commitment at the highest level (UNDP, 2010). However these examples represent the exception. United Nations (UN) International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). poor environmental management, overconsumption of natural resources, decline of risk regulating ecosystem services, climate change, etc. This shift is an important conceptual transition. Customer Call Center: 511 | Fax: (868) 640-8988 | Facebook: ODPMTT | Twitter: ODPM_TT | You Tube: OfficialODPM | Email: publicinfo.odpm@gmail.comCopyright © 2013. Physical Vulnerability may be determined by aspects such as population density levels, remoteness of a settlement, the site, design and materials used for critical infrastructure and for housing (UNISDR). Examples of such pressures include insuf- … Moreover, it is estimated that individuals ages 65 and older represented over 70 percent of the fatalities from Hurricane Katrina. The local and traditional knowledge vulnerable communities possess to respond to disasters should form the basis of outside interventions to reduce disaster risk (Twigg, 2004). Poverty and the other multi-dimensional factors and drivers that create vulnerability mean that susceptibility to the impacts of hazards is often, but not always, associated with certain groups, including women, children, the elderly, the disabled, migrants and displaced populations, amongst others. These indicators are usually used to track changes in vulnerability over time. Local engineers are increasingly dedicating themselves to understanding the vulnerability of their local building stock (which varies significantly from country to country and within countries) to different natural hazards. These trends are due to characteristics of both natural systems and human systems. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004). Vulnerability is discussed in Chapter 2.5 in relation to high-risk groups but, for example, poverty can put people at risk by forcing them to live in areas highly exposed to hazards, and exposure to hazards can cause poverty by damaging assets, interrupting livelihoods, and so on. Assessing the vulnerability of the built environment to hazards is extremely important in assessing potential consequences of an event and for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the local development planning process. Where social science has made significant contributions to disaster preparedness is in the area of vulnerability 1! 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