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russian tank production ww2

Only 360 were delivered. 503 built – early Soviet medium tank, multi-turetted, 1934-41. It was equipped with a 76.2mm gun which could fire high explosive armor-piercing shells, a reliable diesel engine, and the toughest possible armor. Notice the washable white paint and definitive front wheels. KV-1S, late production, unknown unit, Berlin, May 1945. Armed with its 85 mm (3.35 in) gun, it was produced in small numbers, before being replaced in production by the more successful IS-2. Another BA-64B, unknown unit, Northern Front, 1944. The SU-85M was a late transition model, designed to empty existing stocks of D5-T 85 mm (3.35 in) guns. At the end of the First World War, a new conflict was already emerging in Russia, the Civil War of 1919-1921. SU-76, winter 1942. Pavlov, E.G. During WW2 the bulk of the type was represented by the SU-76, which was an assault gun, but commonly used as a tank hunter. Captured FAI-M, Finnish Forces, 1942. The T-27 tankette was greatly inspired by the Carden-Loyd Mk.VI. BA-20M attached to the 20th Brigade, November 1941. Gorky, February 1943 Manchuria, battle of Nomonanh Plateau, August 1939. One of the 100 BT-5s sent to the Spanish Republicans in 1937. A-20 (BT-20) prototype. The SU-122’s raw power with HE rounds was found quite efficient against German heavy armor, as seen at Kursk. Fighting versions carried 37mm or 45mm guns or even flamethrowers. 1823 built – 1943-44, improved version and designed successor of the T-34. Early model T-27, Far East Asia, 1932. ISU-122, 338th Guards Kirovgradarsky heavy self propelled regiment, 1945 The KV series tanks were useful in the Winter War against Finland in 1940 but proved vulnerable against the heavier firepower of German high-velocity guns, which could break through their armor despite its regular improvements. At the start of World War II the most common tank in Soviet service was the T-26 (derived from the Vickers 6-ton), lightly armoured and armed with a 45 mm gun capable of penetrating most German tanks at normal combat ranges. Biggest tank production of the war when combined with the model 76. But, starting in 1936, Stalin ordered a series of “great purges”, out of fear of a military coup. The Russian Defense Ministry said this week that 30 T-34 tanks … However, it was also the last. BA-27M in 1939. In 1939-40, new designs reversed this trend and, through the A-20 and A-32, created a brand new breed of “cruisers” turned into true medium tanks. Though light tanks were now known to be ineffective, they were still better for supporting infantry than no tanks at all, and so the Soviets introduced their last light two-man tank: the T-70. 3-5. T-70 in winter paint with a patriotic slogan It was originally the KV-85G, which was meant to feature a modified KV-1S turret with an 85 mm (3.35 in) gun jammed inside, and would have made a horrible stopgap. It was pivotal in all offensives, still sporting decent speed and protection, along with an upgraded armament and many mass-production improvements. Soviet T-16/MS-1, original prototype, 1927. Their production was relatively moderate because by early 1944, the up-gunned T-34/85 arrived en masse to the frontline. Отечественные Бронированные Машины, Том 1 1905-1941. Only 25 were produced by the Kharkov Locomotive Factory (KhPZ) in Ukraine. This allowed the Red Army to overrun any German resistance for the last two years. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. Trials led to many changes. We will be covering the SU-57B sooner or later. Again derived from a Vickers design, the T-28 medium tank entered production in 1933. The early tanks of Germany were inferior to many of their opponents' tanks in the areas of armor … A light amphibious tank, the T-40 joined reconnaissance units in 1941. Moreover, they were easier to produce than regular tanks and could be delivered by second-grade factories with low-quality tooling equipment and unskilled labor. T-26 turret. 650 built – 1932-33, successful cruiser or fast tank (based on the Christie M1931). Division Gorky, February 1943 The turret inspired later Cold War designs. Zheltov Early production BA-64, winter 1943-44. The Soviets bought two Christie M1931 and the license to produce them. It became as famous as the T-34 because of its strong armor. BT-5A, howitzer support version, summer 1941. In some cases, just like the T-34, shortages of rubber bands meant that some tanks were offered full metal wheels – a provisional measure which lasted long. BT-5, early pre-series vehicle (1933), with the early heavy type roadwheels and cylindrical turret with basket. They are the same thing, just two different names for it. Its lasting legacy was that it became the basis from which the T-34 was developed. The T-34 played a significant part in the USSR’s victory against Germany. T-60 model 1942 (unknown unit), in late 1942. ISU-122S, Hungary, March, 1945 The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. Отечественные Бронированные Машины, Том 2 1941-1945. T-27 testing the PTRS-41 AT rifle during the Winter War, Finland, December 1939. Finnish models had extra protection on the external gun mantlet. A BT-2 during the battle of Moscow, winter 1941/42. Modified late T-27, 1937. Павлов, Е. SS Pzd “Totenkopf” also operated captured vehicles, usually reequipped with a MG 34 or MG 42 machine gun. SU-76M with a spotted winter camouflage made with a brush, Belorussian front, winter 1944. Preseries T-16, 1929. The KV-85 was a hybrid, transitional model built in small numbers. The 9,000 to 10,000 88mm Flak guns, which would not have been necessary to defend Germany against Allied air raids, could have been used as an effective anti-tank force on the Eastern Front. Arguably the best of these was the Iosef (Joseph) Stalin 2. By 1943, the scale of the T-34 production outpaced by far anything the Germans could do. Argentina Russia is taking back World War II-era tanks from Laos because, well, Moscow needs a star, lots of them. Experimental T-60 with a T-40 cast turret, rearmed with a 20mm ShVAK. Winter war, Karelian front in eastern Finland, December 1939. It also required 11 people to operate effectively..That’s a lot of lives to lose. There is indeed no chapter on lend-lease tanks in this page. Most of all, it featured thick and well-sloped armor, which combined deflecting characteristics as well as an artificially increased protection against direct fire (with a 30 degree slope, 60 mm/2.36 in became equivalent to 90 mm/3.54 in of solid steel). Italy Hi guys! Fictional livery of a surviving T-18M from the summer campaign, Ukraine, winter 1941/42. This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. Starving Russian women and men were working in factories even during the most terrible days of the Siege of Leningrad. Notice the wooden beam, attached with leather straps. The BT series (Bystrokhodny Tank meaning “fast tank”) was directly based on the Walter Christie’s “race tank”. Thanks. Directors: Iosif Kheifits, Aleksandr Zarkhi | Stars: Nikolay Kryuchkov, Boris Andreyev, Akaki Khorava, Maria Pastukhova. Mid-production SU-100, Poland, January 1945. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. But they also stumbled upon small numbers of heavy KV-1s and medium T-34s, finding in horror that the German shells simply bounced off them, as the tanks’ protection was thick and well-sloped. Div. 1932/34 high velocity gun. T-60 model 1941 in provisional washable white paint, winter 1942. 100 built – 1941, conversion of the T-20 Komsomolets light tractor. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Not only could this complex (and others, like at Stalingrad) provide entire armored divisions in a month, but the Stavka soon restructured the number of types to be produced. The project was eventually dropped in favor of a licence-built version of the Vickers 6-ton. SU-76M, unknown unit, winter 1943-1944 Served only as propaganda machines and considered unreliable by 1941. This site is my go-to reference for armor. The world-famous Carden-Loyd model of 1926 was bought, completely rebuilt and improved as the T-27. In his book “Death Traps” Belton Cooper believes that the M4 got many American servicemen un-needlessly killed due to intentionally poor construction. BT-2 at the battle of Khalkin Gol, August 1939. I am surprised you don’t have an entry on T-28 (when you have one on T-35). A Model 1942 late production vehicle on the Southern Front, with an unusual camouflage, summer 1944. A camouflaged early production T-37A, part of the September 1939 Polish invasion. These vehicles were displayed in the Red Square November 1929 parade. Many of these upgrades were still being done when the German invaded and much of this old equipment was either lost or captured. This lightweight machine was used in original experiments like various airborne tank trials. The T-34 was a “game changer” on the battlefield. A propeller and rudders let it cross rivers, the better to get about the war zone and find out what was happening. This tank greatly contributed to the victory achieved by the Red Army. 3311 built – 1938, late heavy armored car, wartime version. Indigenous models like the T-17 and T-23, based on current light models, never fulfilled the requirements and remained only prototypes. The T-26, the most widely produced tank of the thirties. 1884 built – 1933-35, improved cruiser tank. These kind of captured tank hunters were highly praised, and were given very large Balkankreuz for identification, as a custom camouflage. It was a painful conversion of the SU-122 howitzer self-propelled carriage and the first large-scale production tank destroyer in Russian service. The last of them were modified to carry 47mm guns in 1941, in place of their 37mm weapons. The Soviet T-35A is the only five-turreted tank in history to enter production. It took the name “Comrade Lenin, The Freedom Fighter”. Belgium 1941. BA-6 of the Spanish Republican Army, defense of Madrid, May 1937. The Soviet T-26 Tank served in Spain, Finland, and the early part of WWII. 1885 built – 1944-45, heavy SPG based on the IS-1 chassis, with a 152 mm (5.98 in) howitzer. germas lost a war because the russian army was bigger than german army. Early production T-60 without storage bins, 1941. FAI of a regular unit, 1937. 1. A nice brief review of russian tanks. Zheltov T-70, unknown unit There is (and never was) any article on the Tank Grotte. Despite this, it had decent speed and agility. There was no dedicated recovery vehicle until post-war. Unknown winterized T-70, with extra protection, fall 1944 Many German tanks used diesel fuel, w… BAI-M in the Far East, 1941. Camouflaged FAI of the Republican forces, Spain 1938. The improved BT-7M (1938) was the direct ancestor of the A-32 and the T-34. Soviet Production Rationalized. A rare SU-122 in German serive. It was fast and powerful, with a highly reliable engine, simple to manufacture (and the base design was simplified even more during the war), had a high-velocity 76 mm (2.99 in) gun suitable against any German tank of the time. Workers in a Ministry of Supply factory making a turret for a “Matilda” tank. Cancelled due to high cost. This was indeed a very impressive package in action and the press soon nicknamed it “the flying tank”. Votes: 29 It was only entering service when Berlin fell. 35,120 built – 1940-43, main Soviet medium tank, was equipped with a 76.2 mm (3 in) gun. A mid-production SU-122, winter 1943, with a rare improvised camouflage over the usual washable white paint. Late production SU-85M, Berlin, May 1945. Unknown T-70 in manoeuvers with improvized pine foliage camouflage The Winter War showed that this was inadequate and efforts were made to reinforce it. Their hulls were originally riveted but from 1938 were welded for greater toughness. Many of these were lost during the early stages of the Winter War in Finland. Beutepanzer T-60. During the early year 1943, the Wehrmacht was still able to launch some localized counter-offensives on a rather dynamic, but mostly defensive front, with the initiative definitely into Russian hands. These were the fastest tanks in service in 1939, as the BT-2 was capable of 100 km/h (62 mph). They saw little action before being phased out, while only a handful rearmed with a 45 mm (1.77 in) gun soldiered during the summer of 1941. T-38 of an organic unit of the Independent Light Tank Battalion, Leningrad Front, Nevskaya Operative group, October 1942. 69 built – a sloped-design model (1941), its cost halted production. In 1941, it was superior to any German design, successfully covering the very difficult “magic triangle” (protection, mobility, firepower), with the bonus of easy mass-production. The biggest change came from the engine, derived from a diesel already tested on the experimental BT-8. With its wide tracks and reliable engine, it traveled well across the broken terrain and shell-shattered battlefields of the Eastern Front. А.Г. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Komsomolets T-20 in winter camouflage, 1941-42. A World War II era Soviet war film, focusing on the role of the Red Navy rather than land forces, and reviving the 1920s concept of the collective hero. Until now, Russian tank designs have followed an evolutionary path, starting with the T-44 tank introduced at the end of World War II. Practice showed that mixed fittings were not always a good choice. 5219 built – 1939-1943, main frontline heavy Soviet tank. We are working on this. So by 1943 excellent pieced like the 76.2mm Zis-3 gun, 122mm A-19 howitzer and 152mm D-1 heavy howitzer were in full production. T-27 in the autumn of 1941, second line training unit. New officers were also always chosen on loyalty over skill. The Soviet Union not only bought Vickers tanks, but also tankettes. By the end of the Second World War, there were some standouts in regards to superior design, firepower, functionality, and effectiveness. A model 1933 T-28, early production version, in the maneuvers of 1935, with unit markings. T-40 near Moscow, 1941. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. So, first off, for Seth: It was a failure then, but the idea lived to be reincarnated with success after the war in the main battle tank concept. Since the US cavalry branch was forbidden by law from having tanks, it employed armored cars, but at that stage, these had mediocre off-road capabilities. T-18 model 1930, in exercises near Moscow. http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/soviet_a32_t32.php 8226 built – an evolution of the T-60, produced until 1948 and later sold to many client states. The BT-5 Series 2 of cavalry tanks. The T-40 was followed in less than a year by its replacement, the T-60 light tank. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 14,230 built – 1942-45, light SPG tank-hunter, based on the T-70 chassis. Early in their invasion, the Germans destroyed the main Soviet heavy tank factories. A tank assembly line is a flurry of activity during the "great speed up" of mass production in preparation for the invasion of Europe. SU-76M, 6th Guards Tank Army, Austria, April 1945 But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The T-35 appeared from the same kind of personal fantasy both dictators (Hitler and Stalin) shared. A Model 1942 with the first field upgrade, additional driver side sights. The last miles to Moscow proved out of reach. 11,000 were built in 1944 alone. The KV-85G almost entered production, but trials of the IS-85 turret on a KV-1S chassis took place, and this trial variant was accepted into stopgap production as the KV-85. А.Г. Captured BA-64, SS Panzer Grenadier Division “Das Reich”, Kursk, July 1943. The T-64 is a Soviet-era main battle tank first built in the early 1960s. BT-2 command tank, invasion of Poland, September 1939. It was the mainstay of the Soviet heavy tank units until 1944. Success was visible each year in the Red Square, showing new tank models, with most of the development inspired by western technology. Eventually, the USSR had more amphibious tanks than any other nation by the outbreak of World War Two. The Soviets decided to experiment with cruiser tanks, as a part of the “deep battle” tank warfare theory. Camouflaged T-27, during exercises in 1938, with the “spotted pattern” also applied on scout amphibious tanks. The SU-85 and SU-100 assault guns were later variants of the original T-34 design. Two of these squads formed a battalion. T-70 of the 6th Artillery Brigade, Bielorussian Front, February 1944 BA-11 in a camouflaged livery, summer 1941. Finnish T-38 kept as a trophy, summer 1942. During these events, both German and Russian tanks were disabled and captured by their respective adversaries. Approx. Despite the fact that communists were most active on the front, it was only after the arrival of Lenin, thanks to a special operation by the Germans, that the revolt spread. A Polish BA-64 (model 1943) in 1945. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). BT-5 TU Model 1933, radio command version, Khalkin Gol, August 1939. 122 built – a two-man turret evolution of the T-70. Can you direct me to a reference for the Soviet WWII BSNP Reconnaissance Vehicle? The turret roof was painted white with a large black cross. BA-20 of the 56th Tank Brigade, autumn 1941 However, the Soviet choice to mass-produce this kind of tank even after the war (in the fall of 1943 it was upgunned to 85 mm/3.35 in) was quite opposite to that of the German engineers, under the strong pressure from Hitler. It’s a very nebulous thing, to be honest. The ZiS-30 tank hunter which was based on the T-20. This one was part of the 3rd Bandera Aragon, later captured by the Nationalists. 4 built – Enhanced version of the T-26. Most kept their washable winter camouflage, but were later repainted in Finnish field green, a pale watergreen, for summer operations. The requirements were changed many times, even during trials, and further complicated the delivery of a suitable preseries vehicle. It initially carried a high-velocity 76.2mm gun, later upgraded to 85mm. I thought they would have made more than 61 T-35s. It was a T-26 variant without a turret, but with a radio rail.

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